The end of the 18th century was marked by a transition from Rococo art and sentimentalism to the art of neo-Classicism. Pictures by the main 'heroes' of Denis Diderot's Salons are displayed in the first section of this gallery – examples of the tastes associated with the Enlightenment. Close by there are small genre scenes painted by Louis-Léopold Boilly, Jean Honoré Fragonard and Martin Drolling. A pair of architectural landscapes by Hubert Robert, a seascape by Claude-Joseph Vernet and a still life by Jean-François van Dal, formerly in the collection of Empress Josephine, all help to recreate the palace backcloth of that age. Works by Jacques-Louis David, leader of the national school of painting during the Napoleonic era, are the culminating exhibits in this gallery of Neo-classicism.